Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)

The Pet Food Institute (PFI) and our members, who make 98% of U.S. pet food and treats, are committed to the health of pets and take seriously the responsibility to make safe, complete and balanced food for our dogs and cats. A coalition of nutritionists, veterinarians and product safety specialists have convened within PFI to further study this issue and better understand whether there is a relationship between dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and diet. In addition, PFI supports maintaining a collaborative and communicative relationship with the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) as the agency investigates this issue. An exchange of data and available science will be critical as both pet food makers and FDA study DCM.

FDA has neither recalled any pet food products nor recommended a change in diet for healthy dogs. The agency has stated and PFI agrees that this is a complex issue with many components requiring scientific evaluation. Tens of millions of dogs enjoy grain-free diets in the United States and the approximately 500 submitted DCM reports (as of July 31, 2019) suggest that, if diet is a factor, there may be a combination of other elements involved, such as dog physiology and genetics. PFI welcomes the continued dialogue among our pet food maker members, veterinarians, and ingredient suppliers to advance the understanding of these potential influences.

Significant resources within the pet care, academic and regulatory community are being devoted to understanding DCM and its causes. We look forward to continued collaboration and communication in support of pet wellbeing. In the meantime, we encourage pet owners to contact their pet food maker with questions regarding specific products or formulations. PFI has also posted a series of informational questions and answers on for pet owners, veterinarians and other important stakeholders.

to top